The Central Board of
Indirect Taxes and Customs have made some amendments to the existing Goods and
Services Tax, which has been effective from Jan 1, 2020.
The GST Act was implemented in July, 2017 which had replaced the existing taxes by State and Central government.
Some of the major changes in this amendment are as follows:
1. ITC claims restriction to a particular rate
GST is a value added tax on goods and services. ITC which stands for Input Tax Credit offers deduction in the tax on output by subtracting the taxes on inputs paid earlier. What happened earlier was that many frauds have claimed credit for supplies which in reality had never been made. Also, another case of discrepancy is when a supplier forgets to include the details of supplies in the return. In that case, the recipient will not be able to claim credit. To address this, the government has introduced a rate, 10% of total ITC eligible, when supplier has not mentioned details.
2. Blocking ITC according to rule 86 A
The Commissioner can
block ITC if he believes that the recipient has done some fraudulent activities
supplies from a person who does not exist/ a person who does not have any
business in the registered place.
- For people
who include GST tax in their dealings but do not pay the tax to the government,
penalty and interest would be levied.
- ITC has
been claimed but not paid to the government.
When there is any unutilized value available in the tax registers or tax, liabilities are to be discharged, generally the commissioner makes use of an electronic credit register. So now, when the commissioner believes any fraudulent activities as detailed above has happened, he can prohibit the ITC in question by making a debit in the electronic credit register.
3. E-Wall bill generation
In the event of GSTR 1 not filed for a quarter or 2 months on a case to case basis, the provision to generate E-Wall bill will be disabled for the recipient unless he pays the complete amount including interest which he owes the government. This has been in effect from 11th January of this year.
4. E-invoice generation
In all instances of net turnover exceeding 100 crores in a financial year for a registered member, the recipient should mandatorily generate e-invoices. This needs to be done in case of B2B supplies, and is applicable all over India. This is with effect from April 2020.
5. QR code generation
In all instances of net turnover exceeding 500 crores in a financial year for a registered member, the recipient should mandatorily generate QR code to a B2C invoice. This is also in effect from April 2020.
6. Simplified GST return filing
Taking, the feedback from recipients who have commented on the complexity of GST returns filing into account, a new simplified system has been introduced. This is anticipated to reduce evasions to a great extent and also increase statutory compliance. A plan for enabling the transition between the old and new systems easier was released and approved by the Council and the same was released in June 2019.
7. Mandatory DIN
DIN stands for Document Identification Number. The Central Board of Indirect Taxes and Customs has used information technology and automation to implement a system for electronic generation of DIN. Whenever any communication needs to be sent by any office to the taxpayer, DIN has been made mandatory, from Dec 2019. Non conformant communications will be considered invalid.
8. GST Return Non-filers Guidelines
The amendment can be
explained as below:
- Three days prior to the due date, an automated SMS will be sent to the registered members reminding them about the amount due.
- On defaulting, another automated SMS will be sent.
- Notice will be issued 5 days post the due date providing grace period of 15 days.
- If defaulted again, concerned officer should file a summary of liabilities.
- If paid within 30 days, the report will be withdrawn. However if not paid for 6 months, due recovery methods will be employed by the department officer.
- On a case to case basis, the officer can even cancel the registration.
9. Registration of motor vehicles- RCN
The reverse charge
mechanism is applicable in the following cases:
vehicle rented to carry passengers
is a body corporate
is not a body corporate
issued invoice doesn’t charge GST 12%
If supplier is charging 12%, then he is liable to pay tax
10. TRAN 1 and TRAN 2
The due date for filing TRAN 1 has been extended to March 31, 2020 while for TRAN 2, it is extended to April 30, 2020.
11. Non filing GSTR 1
People who were supposed to file returns from July 2017 but did not do so are given one more chance to do the same.
They can avail the benefit and file the pending returns before Jan 17, 2020 without any penalty. However, late fees are still applicable under the provision that if any appropriate reason is given, officer can waive off the same.
12. GSTR 9, Audit and Reconciliation statement
The due date for filing Audit report and GSTR 9 (GST Annual return) has been postponed to January 31, 2020. Same date applies for filing reconciliation report. This is for the financial year 2017-18 whereas the same for financial year 2018-19 is March 31, 2020.
Changes in GST 2020 FAQs:
1. How often should you file GST?
Returns should be filed every month except for those whose turnover in previous financial year was less than 5 crores. They should file quarterly. However, they should pay tax every month
2. Who is a small taxpayer?
Taxpayers whose revenue in the previous financial year is less than 5 crores, as opposed to 1.5 crores in the earlier system
3. What are the return forms to be filed?
There is a main return form called the GST RET1 which has two annexures namely ANX1 and ANX2
4. How to claim ITC?
ITC can be claimed basis the supplier’s invoice
5. How to upload missing invoice?
It can be uploaded by filing a form called Amendment Return. Amendments can also be made the same way